3 Title-manifestation description

If two items represent the same expression of the same work, but one has a different title and/or subtitle from the other, consider them to be a special case known as a 'title-manifestation.' Title-manifestations should be conceptualized as being copies of the expression content that vary only in marks of identification. Use the following rules to describe the new title-manifestation. Creation of a new title-manifestation can happen when the same expression of the same monographic work is published in England and in the United States but with two different titles. It can also happen when a multi-volume work changes titles in between volumes.

Apply this same principle to two items representing the same expression of the same work, one of which has been published in a particular series, and one of which has not.

For integrating works that change title, see rule 2.2.1.2.

If the title-manifestation is already contained in the catalog, use the title-manifestation record already created.

If the title-manifestation is already contained in the catalog, use the title-manifestation record already created.

Change in statement of responsibility

If identical manifestations of an expression have completely different statements of responsibility, as when a film is reissued without change to the underlying film, but with a different billing order of cast members, consider this also to be a special case, and treat the two manifestations as title-manifestations so that the change in statement of responsibility can be clearly recorded. Use rule 3.4 below to record statement of responsibility.

Change in publication/distribution information

Do NOT treat a difference in distributor or date unconnected with a change in underlying content as a 'title-manifestation.' Instead, treat the difference as a mere manifestation change (see section 5).

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